Opened in 1992 on the site of an old hospital, and dedicated to the 20th-century art, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía is one of the finest museums in Madrid.
Located in the city center, next to the Atocha station, it is part of Madrid’s Golden Triangle of Art – an area that includes three major museums located very close to each other: Prado Museum, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, and Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum.
Although many exceptional collections of Spanish and international artists can be found in the museum, Reina Sofía’s highlight is undoubtedly Picasso’s “Guernica”, the most famous painting of the 20th century, a tribute brought to the bombing of the Basque village of Guernica by German and Italian troops during the Spanish Civil War.
Other top features include “Portrait II” by Miro, “Landscapes at Cadaques” by Salvador Dali, “Woman in Blue” by Picasso, and the “The Gathering at the Café del Pombo”, where Spanish expressionist Jose Solana illustrates a group of intellectuals in a Madrid café.
In addition to works by Spanish artists such as Juan Gris, Julio Gonzales, sculptor Eduardo Chillida, the famous Antoni Tàpies, Pablo Gargallo, Pablo Serrano, Lucio Muñoz, Luis Gordillo, Jorge Oteiza, and the masters mentioned above, visitors have also the opportunity to admire some impressive collections belonging to illustrious international artists.
These include works of art by Robert Delaunay, Yves Tanguy, Man Ray, Jacques Lipchitz, Lucio Fontana, Yves Klein, Max Ernst, Richard Serra, Bruce Nauman, Donald Judd, Damien Hirst, Julian Schnabel, Joseph Beuys, Nam June Paik, Wolf Vostell, Gabriel Orozco, Clyfford Still, cubist Georges Braque, and Francis Bacon.
Museo Reina Sofía houses the largest Spanish library dedicated to art, a fantastic place where visitors have free access to more than 100,000 books, 3,500 sound recordings, and almost 1,000 videos.
Other interesting places connected to the museum are the two wonderful bar terraces and the souvenir shop.